Frequently Asked Questions

What’s the philosophy or intent underlying this reform?

It starts with the recognition that ‘business as usual’ isn’t working. Despite huge government expenditure, the gap isn’t closing. There have been some great individual successes, and individual programs, but they don’t add up to development. We need to try something different. Our philosophy is ‘Indigenous lives, Indigenous led.’ It’s about Indigenous leaders stepping up, taking charge, and taking responsibility for our own communities. The true goal is development, the path to get there is empowerment.

What are the most important reform recommendations outlined in the report?

The main change is Indigenous leaders taking responsibility for Indigenous communities, at a local level, rather than decisions being made by people who are far removed from the issues and challenges facing Indigenous people. 

What is the origin of Empowered Communities?

Empowered Communities came about when Indigenous leaders from eight different regions came together, and made a commitment to reform, and changing the status quo. 

Empowered Communities is not a new idea. But we feel that it’s an idea whose time has finally come, because we have unity amongst ourselves, and strong leadership in place - leaders who can make it happen. 


Why these particular regions and communities?

We self-selected. Initially, leaders from the eight regions came together through collaborating with Jawun, but we soon discovered a shared commitment to reform. This has evolved in to Empowered Communities.

Jawun is an organisation which helps build leadership capability through facilitating relationships with corporate Australia. With Jawun's support, each of the Empowered Communities leaders have spent time with companies such as BCG, Westpac, Allens, Commonwealth Bank of Australia, Herbert Smith Freehills, KPMG and Leighton Contractors.

How is this being met by the broader Indigenous community?

We believe there is general support for the concept that we need to take charge of our own destinies. It’s about empowerment, it’s about taking more responsibility, it’s about us making choices about our own lives. The current leaders have a track record of delivering success in their own regions. But Empowered Communities is an opt-in model, so there’s no pressure on anyone to sign up. It’s up to Indigenous communities themselves to make their own decision on that.

How is this different to every other Indigenous reform?

The key to Empowered Communities is that it has been developed by Indigenous people, for Indigenous people. It’s not a government proposal that has Indigenous support. We have not been ‘consulted’. This is ours; we have owned this from the beginning. This is about strong leaders, across the regions, who have the support of their communities, and are driving real change, and partnering with government to bring it to fruition.

Is this in line with Andrew Forrest’s recommendations?

Yes, there are some key areas of alignment to the Creating Parity Report - especially with regard to education and employment. However, it will be up to Indigenous people in those regions to decide which recommendations to adopt or not, according to their own priorities.


What is the timeline of implementation and what are the key measures?

We are rolling up our sleeves and get on with implementation. Our timeframe for implementation is 3 years. That may sound cautious, but we have learned from experience that a considered approach is required, when negotiating reform agendas at a regional level - and that takes time.

Obviously, in the ‘start-up’ implementation phase a lot of energy is going into establishing the framework that needs to be put into place to deliver Empowered Communities. But our first few years won’t be just bureaucracy-building, by any means. We are focusing on action, not admin. We want to effect real change in people’s lives, not just in institutions.

Our ‘first priorities’ will focus on five key areas:

  1. that children are enrolled and attend school every day and are school ready and that parents are actively involved in their children’s education
  2. that children and other vulnerable people are cared for, healthy and safe in their families, and that families at risk are urgently supported to care for their children so that those children can remain with their families; and where children are removed from their families, that every effort be made to ensure that families can be supported to restore a caring and safe environment for their return—and that the safety and welfare of the children remain the paramount concern
  3. that all capable adults participate in either training or work
  4. that all community members living in social or public housing abide by the conditions related to their tenancy in public housing, and those community members wishing to transition from rental accommodation to private home ownership are supported
  5. that communities work to urgently and seriously tackle the problems of domestic violence and alcohol and drug abuse, and ensure that communities are safe and the rights of all community members are recognised and respected under the law and under the social and cultural values of the communities.

What are you asking from the Commonwealth Government?

We are asking that the Commonwealth, state and territory governments back our reform package. Our most critical ask is a commitment to shift the balance of responsibility and authority from governments to Indigenous people. 

The Commonwealth government has agreed to the regional part of our reforms and is working on shifting its role to become an enabler of our reforms. We are continuing discussions with the government about our proposals for institutional reform at the national level to ensure that the gains that we make at the regional level are sustainable.

Is this going to cost the taxpayer more money, at a time when the Government is already hard-pressed?

Our aim is to ensure that Empowered Communities is cost-neutral. Fundamentally, this is not about putting more money in, it’s about getting better outcomes for the same money. A key objective is that, over time, our communities will be moving away from welfare towards responsibility, productivity, and enterprise. Our goal is not just that our communities survive - we want to see them thrive. And that will happen because we have more independence, not more welfare-dependence. 

Do the reforms have support from both major political parties?

Empowered Communities has enjoyed bi-partisan support since we first proposed the idea to the then Labor government just prior to the 2013 election. Both major parties have continued to support Empowered Communities and the current government has shown an ongoing commitment to our work.

The Commonwealth government has agreed to the regional part of our reforms. This has enabled us to set up backbone organisations to support regional Indigenous leaders to implement our reforms. We are continuing discussions with government about our proposals for institutional reforms at the national level to ensure that the gains that we make at the regional level are sustainable.

If the Commonwealth Government say no – where to from here?

Our proposal is the only current comprehensive package of reforms that has Indigenous leadership ready and willing to take action on it. However, we need the Commonwealth Government’s support to bring this program to fruition. But if the Government should turn us down, our efforts in the direction of empowerment will go on. We are already making progress with reform efforts on the ground.

How will Empowered Communities change the lives of the Indigenous people involved on a daily basis?

Empowered Communities will give Indigenous people the power to make their own choices, in their own communities. Because we’re operating at a local level, we’ll be better placed to design and deliver services that more closely match the needs of our people. We hope they will notice a big difference, in a short period of time.

How will Empowered Communities work with the PM's Indigenous Advisory Council and the National Congress of Australia's First Peoples?

Empowered Communities is designed to complement the existing Indigenous structures in place, not compete with them.

How does Empowered Communities fit into the push for Indigenous constitutional recognition?

Empowered Communities is an important practical reform, but it is not a panacea. It won’t by itself solve for all of the challenges facing Indigenous people. It’s just one part – an important part – of the overall picture. For example, Indigenous constitutional recognition is a crucial agenda that goes to the unanswered question of Indigenous Australians’ rightful and proper place in our national identity. Empowered Communities is a practical reform that complements the broader national conversation that constitutional recognition will bring.